the Introduction of The Kingdom of Cambodia
 updatetime:2010-04-01 14:18:57   View:0 Source:Wiki
    The Kingdom of Cambodia shares borders in the north with Laos and Thailand, in the east with Vietnam and in the southwest with the Gulf of Thailand.

Location
South-East Asia.

Area
181,035 sq km (69,900 sq miles).

Population
14.8 million (UN estimate 2005).

Population Density
81.7 per sq km.

Capital
Phnom Penh.
Population: 1.17 million (2005).

Government
Constitutional monarchy since 1993.

Language
Khmer is the official language and spoken by 95% of the population. Chinese and Vietnamese are also spoken. French was widely spoken until the arrival of the Pol Pot regime and is still taught in schools, but English is now a more popular


Religion
95% Buddhist (Theravada), the remainder Muslim and Christian. Buddhism was reinstated as the national religion in 1989 after a ban on religious activity in 1975.

National Flag:
Cambodia Flag: The flag was designed around 1850 that has three horizontal bands of blue (top and bottom) and red (central) with a depiction of Angkor Watt in the center. The flag was abandoned in a few years during the Khmer Rouge and the occupation of Vietnamese in Cambodia. The flag was readopted in 1993 after the first general election with the returned the monarchy.

Brief Overview:

• Main Language: Khmer
• Main Religion: Buddhism (Theravada)
• Population: 14.8 million (UN, 2005)
• Ethnic group: Khmer, Vietnamese and Chinese minorities
• Monetary unit: 1 riel = 100 sen
• Climate: tropical humid climate: rainy (monsoon) season (May to November) and dry season (December to April)
• Capital: Phnom Penh
• Major Cities: Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Sihanouk Ville, Koh Kong
• Area: 181,035 sq km (69,898 sq miles) : Water 2.5%
• Border countries: Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228 km
• Coastline: 443 km
• Independence: 9 November 1953
• GNI per capita: US $380 (World Bank)
• Major Exports: Garments, Fisheries Products, Rubber
• Major Export Trading Countries: United States, Germany, UK, Singapore, Japan
• Major Imports: petroleum products, construction materials, vehicles and motorcycles, clothing
• Major Import Trading Countries: Thailand, Singapore, Hong Kong, China, South Korea
• Internet domain: .kh
• International dialling code: +855
• Electricity: 220V AC 50 Hz
• Driving: Right hand side; International Driving Permit required
• Direct Flight: from Bangkok, Taipei, Hong Kong, Singapore, Ho Chi Minh City, Vientiane, Kuala Lumpur, and Guangzhou
• Head of Government: Prime Minister Hun Sen (appointed on January 14 1985, elected in 1998 and 2003)
 Born April 4, 1951 (family photo)
 Wife: Bun Rany
 Leading seven deputy prime ministers, 15 senior ministers, 28 ministers, 135 secretaries of state, and 146 undersecretaries of state.
• National Assembly (Legislative Branch): (Read in Khmer: Radhsphea ney Preah Recheanachakr Kampuchea). Chaired by Samdech Heng Samrin and consisting of 123 elected members.

Geography
Cambodia shares borders in the north with Laos and Thailand, in the east with Vietnam and in the southwest with the Gulf of Thailand. The landscape comprises tropical rainforest and fertile cultivated land traversed by many rivers. In the northeast and southeast areas rise highlands. The capital is located at the confluence of the Mekong, Bassac and Tonle Sap rivers. The latter flows from a large inland lake, also called Tonle Sap, situated in the center of the country. There are numerous offshore islands along the southwest coast.